-- A Day to Remember

sosyalizm/sosyalizm

  • there are two socialisms.
  • one is communistic, the other solidaritarian.
  • one is dictatorial, the other libertarian.
  • one is metaphysical, the other positive.
  • one is dogmatic, the other scientific.
  • one is emotional, the other reflective.
  • one is destructive, the other constructive.
  • both are in pursuit of the greatest possible welfare for all.
  • one aims to establish happiness for all, the other to enable each to be happy in his own way.
  • the first regards the state as a society sui generis, of an especial essence, the product of a sort of divine right outside of and above all society, with special rights and able to exact special obediences; the second considers the state as an association like any other, generally managed worse than others.
  • the first proclaims the sovereignty of the state, the second recognizes no sort of sovereign.
  • one wishes all monopolies to be held by the state; the other wishes the abolition of all monopolies.
  • one wishes the governed class to become the governing class; the other wishes the disappearance of classes.
  • both declare that the existing state of things cannot last.
  • the first considers revolutions as the indispensable agent of evolutions; the second teaches that repression alone turns evolutions into revolution.
  • the first has faith in a cataclysm.
  • the second knows that social progress will result from the free play of individual efforts.
  • both understand that we are entering upon a new historic phase.
  • one wishes that there should be none but proletaires.
  • the other wishes that there should be no more proletaires.
  • the first wishes to take everything away from everybody.
  • the second wishes to leave each in possession of its own.
  • the one wishes to expropriate everybody.
  • the other wishes everybody to be a proprietor.
  • the first says: ‘do as the government wishes.’
  • the second says: ‘do as you wish yourself.’
  • the former threatens with despotism.
  • the latter promises liberty.
  • the former makes the citizen the subject of the state.
  • the latter makes the state the employee of the citizen.
  • one proclaims that labor pains will be necessary to the birth of a new world.
  • the other declares that real progress will not cause suffering to any one.
  • the first has confidence in social war.
  • the other believes only in the works of peace.
  • one aspires to command, to regulate, to legislate.
  • the other wishes to attain the minimum of command, of regulation, of legislation.
  • one would be followed by the most atrocious of reactions.
  • the other opens unlimited horizons to progress.
  • the first will fail; the other will succeed.
  • both desire equality.
  • one by lowering heads that are too high.
  • the other by raising heads that are too low.
  • one sees equality under a common yoke.
  • the other will secure equality in complete liberty.
  • one is intolerant, the other tolerant.
  • one frightens, the other reassures.
  • the first wishes to instruct everybody.
  • the second wishes to enable everybody to instruct himself.
  • the first wishes to support everybody.
  • the second wishes to enable everybody to support himself.
  • one says:
    • the land to the state.
    • the mine to the state.
    • the tool to the state.
    • the product to the state.
  • the other says:
    • the land to the cultivator.
    • the mine to the miner.
    • the tool to the laborer.
    • the product to the producer.
    • there are only these two socialisms.
  • one is the infancy of socialism; the other is its manhood.
  • one is already the past; the other is the future.
  • one will give place to the other.
  • today each of us must choose for the one or the other of these two socialisms, or else confess that he is not a socialist.

liberty v, 10 (december 17, 1887), no. 114, p. 5.

benjamin tucker, ingilizce’ye çevirmiş. türkçe’ye çevirmek için hiçbir çabamız olmadı. ikisi arasında yazı-tura atarım diyen varsa amına koyayım.

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